an image or representation of a god used as an object of worship.
synonyms: icon, representation of a god, image, effigy, statue, figure, figurine, fetish, totem; Moregraven image, false god, golden calf“a throng of men gathered in worship of a golden idol”
a person or thing that is greatly admired, loved, or revered.
Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it: I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the Most High
Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High..
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them
: I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High., visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.
Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images.
Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.
Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
The likeness of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air,
The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the waters beneath the earth:
And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host (children) of heaven (Black Womb-man), shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the MOST HIGH (Mother of Afrika) hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
\Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High., visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High., which thou shalt make thee.
Neither shalt thou set thee up any image; which the MOST HIGH hateth.
Cursed be the man that maketh any graven or molten image, an abomination unto the MOST HIGH, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and putteth it in a secret place. And all the people shall answer and say, Amen.
Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all ye gods.
Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men’s hands.
They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not:
They have ears, but they hear not: noses have they, but they smell not:
They have hands, but they handle not: feet have they, but they walk not: neither speak they through their throat.
They that make them are like unto them; so is every one that trusteth in them.
In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;
They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.
The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.
Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:
And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.
Isa 44:18 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
Isa 44:19 And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
Isa 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
Isa 48:5 I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
Isa 48:6 Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
Isa 48:7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.
Isa 48:8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.
Jer 10:3 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe.
Jer 10:4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not.
Jer 10:5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.
Jer 10:6 Forasmuch as there is none like unto thee, O LORD; thou art great, and thy name is great in might.
Jer 10:7 Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? for to thee doth it appertain: forasmuch as among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like unto thee.
Jer 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine of vanities.
Ac 17:29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device.
Ro 2:22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
Ro 2:23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?
1Co 10:19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?
1Co 10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.
Re 13:14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
Re 13:15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed.
Re 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.
Mema mo Abibifahodie!
If you’re in Ghana or will be visiting Ghana soon, check out our Abibifahodie Asako (Afrikan Combat Kipura) classes at the Lion House Afrikan Cultural Center, every Saturday at 10:00AM! Call or email for details.
About Abibifahodie Asako Afrikan Combat Capoeira.
Why Choose Us
The name Abibifahodie is from the Asante Twi language and is best rendered into english as “Afrikan Liberation.” Afrikan Liberation is the focus of our group in keeping with the history of capoeira in its use as an instrument for the liberation of Afrikan people:
- a Our logo is a newly created adinkra symbol called Abibifahodie ‘Afrikan Liberation’ and formed out of two pre-existing Adinkra symbols, namely akobɛn with the accompanying proverb in the Twi language of Ghana Akobɛn bɔ a, na yɛhunu mmarima ‘ .
- b When the war horn sounds is when we see men’ and nkyinkyimiiɛ with the accompanying proverb Ɔbra ne kwan yɛ nkyinkyimiiɛ ‘Life’s path is twists and turns’.
- c The combination of bravery and adaptability encapsulates much of the philosophy of Capoeira and nkyinkyimiiɛ is also used in the logo of Capoeira Akebelan where Dr. Ọbádélé Kambon spent several of his formative years in Capoeira.
SMS stands for Short Message Service. It was used for the first time on 3 December 1992, when Neil Papworth, a 22-year-old test engineer for SEMA in the UK used a personal computer to send the message, “Merry Christmas.” Since then, texting has become an integral part of human life.
Our texts can give clues about the nature of friendships, our habits, our love interests, and the places we frequent. Relationships are not determined by texting, but text messages can still be indicators of the level of interest two people have in each other.
Texting and Relationships
Texting can be a great, low key way to engage with someone you’ve got your eyes on. If you’re needing some clarity in what’s happening in a suspicious exchange of texts, look no further. This hub is here to help you sort out whether he leans more toward liking you…. or maybe something else.
Texting can be as revealing as body language. Here are some handy things to check in your text messages to garner a better idea of whether he just wants you for your body, if he genuinely likes you, or is just having some fun.
Have you ever felt like you could tell someone liked you through texting?
- Yes, that’s how we started our relationship!
- I could see hints of him liking me through it.
- He liked me, but it wasn’t obvious through texting.
- I have no idea if he likes me through texting or other methods.
Subject: What Does He Text?
The first things you should ask when you get a text message: What is this guy saying? Why is he saying it?
Random Positive Messages
Lighthearted texts about anything and everything are always good, because they mean that this guy is looking for an excuse to get in touch. Here are some signs of positive, lighthearted messages you might receive from a guy who likes you.
- The conversations do not focus on everyday matters, but instead on humorous things that are inside jokes. Is there a consistent thread that refers back to a significant moment?
- He uses a pet name or nickname for you. He uses the same one consistently.
- Positivity is important. If you’re bored enough, put your messages on an Excel sheet and decipher how many are positive to you vs. how many seem negative… or neutral.
- Notice if he always responds. Many people opt out of texting after awhile if it doesn’t seem pertinent anymore. Our busy lives tend to take precedent over texts. Bonus points: he politely says when he has to leave a conversation.
- He sends you a text about a dream that he had… about you.
- He sends you random song lyrics.
- He sends you a joke.
- He comments on something extremely minuscule to see if you noticed too.
- He might refer to nostalgia, such as bringing up Pokémon, Final Fantasy, a Disney movie, etc.
- He doesn’t refer to your hot friends. If he is referring to a hot friend of yours a lot, he may want help getting connected with her.
- His texts are not all business or school focused.
- He may send you a message to let you know something has reminded him of you.
- He sends you pictures to make you laugh — like animals, things from movies, his shoes.
If a guy is talking to you about important or personal issues in his life, he clearly both values your opinion and trusts you enough that he can be honest and even emotional around you. Then again — he could just be really weird. Take everything with a grain of salt. 😉
If a guy you like wants to have a serious conversation, even over text, that’s a sign that he probably does like you or care about your opinions.
And if he is saying outright that he likes you or values your relationship, well, that’s even better.
- Beware of sexting. It’s a better sign if, instead of sexting, he texts you as though he respects you. If he sexts you, he may easily be doing this with others. And he could be sharing information or pictures that you send with his friends, so take caution. My own rule of thumb is if you wouldn’t your grandmother to see it, then you probably don’t want the whole Internet to see it — send photos wisely.
- He uses positive affirmations rather than bringing you down. Does he compliment you for being punctual, friendly, patient, etc.? This might not mean he is head over heels for you, but he at least has a soft spot for you. (Aladdin complimented Jasmine on her punctuality.)
- He refers to something from a long time ago. Whatever it was… it’s stuck with him.
- He says things like, “Thank you” or “I appreciate this.” He says this often.
- He give unsolicited compliments on your looks, personality, brains, talents, etc.
- He says, “I miss you.”
- He offers to help pay for something for you.
- If you need his assistance, he doesn’t delay to offer help. He may immediately come to your rescue.
- He handles it well if you send him something completely strange.
- He overall seems to enjoy hearing from you and may even in person say that he likes having conversations with you. Could there be a greater sign then that?
- He lets you know of positive things that have happened in his life, whether over text or not, such as doing well on a test, a promotion, or having a new pet.
- His texts usually brighten your day.
- He may talk about personal details such as family, a job problem, etc.
Formatting and Length
After all, there’s more to texting than words. What about emoticons? What about length? This section will help you decipher your text message beyond the obvious…
Questions in a text message are a good sign because that means he is trying to continue the conversation. You’ve probably done this too: formatted a text in the form of a question, or adding a question at the end so that there’s more guarantee of a response.
If he sends you questions, that’s probably what he’s doing: he want to hear from you. Here are some possible questions you might receive in a text from a guy who likes you.
- He asks you to hangout or do something. This could include: grabbing something to eat, going on a bike ride, going to the movies.
- He says things along the lines of, “Let me know if there’s anything I can help with.” Guys are programmed to fix things; it’s a delicate part of their DNA. If you can figure out what he can fix and have him do it, you’ll be able to create a connection.
- He asks if he may have accidentally spotted you, just to start a conversation. I got a call once that asked if I had stepped into a gray van in another state. Obviously, we both knew that was unlikely.
- He asks, “How are you?”
- He is concerned about your wellbeing and what you are doing with your life.
- He may ask for your help on something that he is not particularly skilled at handling. This is a great sign because it means he respects and trusts you.
- He might ask about some guy that he has seen you with (whether directly or indirectly).
- He does not refer to other girls. OR he asks your advice about them.
- He asks for something back that you may have borrowed: a book, movie, etc. He probably wants an excuse to chat about it with you. And to setup a time where he can see you.
Here are some clues that might not seem obvious to you at first. Punctuation, length, even grammar can all be clues as to what your guy is thinking and how he feels about you.
- If he texts you back and engages in conversation this is positive, even if his messages are short with one or two words.
- He uses “Hahahaha.” Or another text to indicate that he finds something funny.
- Exclamation marks! The more of them the higher likelihood he digs you. Also, guys don’t use exclamation marks as much as girls. So if he is using them — he probably means them.
- He contacts you in other forms whether phone calls, Facebook, in person, emails, letters, smoke signals, etc. My Facebook back-to-back feed with one guy in particular has YouTube videos, “likes” on statuses, little inside jokes here and there, and sometimes even conversations on other people’s profiles. This can be a pretty fun way to maintain contact, if done right.
- He sends you texts frequently. Is he sending you texts everyday? Once a week? Once a year?
- He isn’t playing mind games and has no problem sending two or more messages at once,
rather than sending one at a time and waiting for your response. He’s eager to talk to you and wants to make certain that you are informed.
- He uses proper grammar.
- He sends you a picture that reminds him of you.
- He refrains from using plain ole’ “k.”
- He refrains from using “LOL.” It’s weak, sister. REAL WEAK.
- He is comfortable with writing you a long text message that breaks into six sections. Not necessarily often, but he would do it.
- He avoids curse words or foul language. OR… he uses a lot of language… not all guys are the same.
- He texts you when he is clearly drunk.
- He may send a text in all caps with just your name and exclamation marks.
Timing: When Does He Text?
Sometimes the timing of a text contains more clues than a text itself. Here are some tips on deciphering the timing and frequency of messages.
This is a classic way to tell if someone likes you. If a guy you like texts you all the time, even if the messages don’t seem to have much content, that’s a big deal. And if he texts you during important moments in his life, or when he needs help, that’s also a big deal. Here are some good signs related to timing.
- After seeing you he sends you a message that he had a good time. This is a polite affirmation of the time you spent together. This actually makes my day when anyone does this.
- He might not instantly text you back (we all have busy lives) but if he does seem to respond quickly, this is positive. If it takes him more than twenty four hours without reason, that is suspicious, but don’t jump to conclusions. If he never answers at all that’s almost always a bad sign. You could possibly have the wrong number or he changed his number. I will say though that one summer I texted a friend randomly when I thought of him and didn’t know that he was on a giant road trip across the country without his phone. When he got back into town we met up later to discuss his whole trip. So at the end of the day… if you feel like texting, just do it.
- He texts you during the day rather than at night. 12:00AM-6:00AM is unusual, and more than likely a booty call.
- The two of you text one another more than you text others.
- He texts when you’ve just gotten back from a long trip, perhaps overseas where you don’t have service.
- He attempts to get in touch between 9:00AM-5:00PM to make arrangements to see you. These are hours that show respect on his part.
- He sends you a long text about how wonderful you are when he knows you’ve had a terrible day.
- The conversation can go back and forth for hours, regardless of how many texts.
- He may consistently text you on a certain day of the week or hour as he may have figured out you were free at that time.
- He respects your time and doesn’t eat it all up with texting. It’s the right amount of speed for you.
- He isn’t known for being a player and texting lots of girls.
What Do You Think?
What’s the Best Way to Tell If Someone Likes You Through Texting?
- How often they text you
- How long their text messages are
- Whether they text you pictures and emojis
- What they are texting about
Questions & Answers
Question:My boyfriend is sick. I sent a text that read: “Hugs, I Miss you.” He responded SAME. What does that mean?Answer:
Question:What if he texts a :)?Answer:
Question:What if we text each other everyday? What does that mean?Answer:
You have a healthy connection with each other. Keep talking and see where it goes.
During the “Back to Africa” movement in the 1920s Marcus Garvey argued that African Americans could only attain social equality by moving back to Africa, and saw the continent as the only place in which self-emancipation could be attained. The idea of sending an oppressed group of people to find equality in a place where the individuals to whom the land belong face systematic oppression (by way of colonialism) doesn’t make much sense, and could only exist in the realm of idealism and romanticism.
Some African Americans have constructed for themselves a utopia image of Africa. The afrocentric rhetoric with which some discuss the continent often conceptualizes a glorified heritage. Such rhetoric romanticizes Africa, likening the continent to a sort of unblemished and innocent woman, “Mama Africa” as some often say.
As a result, many envision an “African” experience that, I believe, greatly differs from the reality they should expect. And so I ask, If African Americans were to move back to Africa today (and actually settle, not a six week study abroad adventure or a one week safari trip) how would these romanticized expectations compare to the reality that exists in most African countries? Would some be disappointed that the continent of “queens and kings” isn’t as regal as imagined?
When some African Americans envision going to Africa, they expect to have an exuberant and overwhelming feeling of belonging. The desire to reconnect with one’s ancestral past is only natural and cannot be disputed. However, expecting a heaven-like welcoming and effortless instatement into the country is quite a stretch. This idealism will be shaken once the individual comes to the solemn realization that belonging isn’t as instantaneous or as natural.
Furthermore, racial homogeneity is the norm throughout the continent, which leads many to expect a gargantuan level of umbuntu and kumbaya-ness amongst the brethren. In reality racial homogeneity holds little significance amidst ethnic diversity. Ethnic diversity is wonderful, however, the level at which it exists in most African countries makes the search for belonging much more difficult to resolve. I often wonder how African Americans would react to the fact that ethnic diversity is too often the root of many political conflicts, and that tribalism, more often than not, acts as a threat to progress in many African societies? So how does one begin to truly feel they belong in places where unity has sadly been snatched away by the conflict breeding hands of colonialism?
Many African Americans view Africa through a very traditionalist perspective, a place filled with men and women wearing dashikis and batik printed head wraps dancing in circles to the beat of drums. They expect to be immersed in the same cultural experiences their ancestors participated in. But what happens when the level of traditionalism and cultural expression found differs from what was envisioned? How does one begin to feel connected when Western culture dominates several aspects of life throughout the continent? Would African Americans be shocked to find Africans having a greater appetite for Western culture than their own? How would they react to those adopting foreign phonetics never having crossed national borders; when the colonial master’s tongue continues to be esteemed higher than their own?
Someone once told me, “It would be dope to live in a place where black people made all the political decisions, like it is in Africa”. This is an expectation those who romanticize Africa hold. Unfortunately, a black ruling class isn’t as idealistic as it may sound. I wonder how African Americans would react to black leaders who sign contracts selling the livelihood of their brethren to outsiders? What might they think of black governors and ministers who would much rather pocket millions than provide clean water and electricity to the masses?
Africans in the diaspora who return after several years hold similar expectations as African Americans. They too look forward to that feeling of belonging and connection. However, the reality that they will never be able to interact and relate to their land of origin in the same way quickly confronts them. These expats reluctantly realize that a resume button does not exist. In fact, they now possess a level of elitism that prevents them from ever reaching that state of “belonging” they once felt but now crave. African Americans will also be confronted with such complexities.
So I ask again, if African Americans returned to Africa and were exposed to these realities, would Africa still appear to be unblemished and ideal or would Africa be better experienced from afar?